How to Recognize a "Miracle" Diet
Since the creation of population registers, it has been seen that excess weight in Spanish adults has increased. This excess weight in the population generates extra direct medical costs that represent 2% of the 2016 health budget. If the trend of weight gain continues, 16% more cases are expected in 2030 and 58% more than extra direct medical costs. Overweight and obesity are the sixth leading risk factor for death in the world. Each year about 3.4 million adults die as a result of being overweight or obese. Since 1975, obesity has nearly tripled worldwide. In addition, 44% of diabetes cases, 23% of ischemic heart disease cases, and between 7% and 41% of some cancers are attributable to overweight and obesity.
Overweight and obesity are defined as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat that can be detrimental to health. The fundamental cause of overweight and obesity is an energy imbalance between calories consumed and expended. Globally, there has been an increase in the intake of high-calorie foods that are rich in fat; physical activity has declined due to the increasingly sedentary nature of many jobs and schedules; new modes of transport and growing urbanization. Currently, the tools that we have available to combat obesity are the practice of physical activity, the restriction of energy intake, bariatric surgery, cognitive-behavioral and pharmacological treatment. Bariatric surgery and drug treatment should be used when all other tools have failed.
If we Google the word diet, we get 556 million results. The term diet comes from the Latin word diaeta, which in turn comes from the Greek diaita, which means "way of life." The first weight loss diet didn't appear until the early 1900s, thanks to an entrepreneur named Horace Fletcher. His treatment consisted of the effectiveness of chewing each bite up to a hundred times, resulting in the loss of 18 kg, which earned him the nickname of "the great chewer." Since then until today, it is estimated that more than a thousand diets have appeared. Most of these diets are dangerous because of the associated risks to our health. In Spain, the first ineffective diets were recorded at the 1994 meeting in Vitoria, where Professor Arnold E. Bender indicated that millions of people were following the most absurd diets and that such diets were scamming people. There was the first recorded use of the "miracle diet" concept. Which promise rapid weight loss, increased life expectancy and the cure of various pathologies based on unproven virtues attributed to "natural" foods or products. The business of diets and "natural" products generates intense campaigns developed to promote foods, nutrition programs and specific tools to lose weight as quickly and effortlessly as possible. In Spain, we spend more than 2,000 million euros annually on miracle diets.
But how can we identify a “miracle” product, method or diet? Here's how you can recognize fraudulent diets, methods, or products:
They promise fast results.
They promise amazing or "magical" results.
They contain statements that contradict health groups of recognized reputation.
Include stories, stories or testimonies, without documentation, to add credibility.
They can be administered or implemented without the involvement of qualified healthcare professionals.
They contain lists of good and bad foods.
They exaggerate or distort the scientific reality of a nutrient or food.
They include or are based on the consumption of preparations sold by those who promote dietary treatment.
The preparations to be consumed (diet products or similar) have a very high cost if we compare them with the economic value of obtaining the same results by eating common foods.
They guarantee results or promise to "pay you back" if it doesn't work.
Claims that suggest that the product is safe, as it is "natural."
They tend to dissociate themselves from the possible adverse effects of their use with phrases such as: "the author or manufacturer is not responsible for ...".
Simplistic conclusions drawn from a complex scientific study.
Recommendations based on a single study, or on studies conducted with a few people, followed for a short time.
Recommendations based on several studies conducted in animals or in cell models (in vitro).
Recommendations based on studies without peer reviews.
Recommendations from studies that ignore differences between individuals or groups.
The intervention of a personalized nutrition plan established by a dietitian-nutritionist will allow patients to reach a healthy goal and prevent them from falling into the so-called fad or miracle diets.
At Epixlife we have a team of dietitians-nutritionists. In addition, you can find recommendations on the foods that are most appropriate for the optimal functioning of your body.
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